Edge

Current status

Detail Description
Mechanism Tracking prevention
Originally deployed in 78.0.276.8
Latest update deployed in 79
Latest update includes Site and organization mitigation to choosing which trackers to block.
User controls Customizable settings to:
  • Choose between Basic, Balanced or Strict mode
  • View trackers that have been blocked
  • Add sites to list of exceptions for which trackers should always be allowed to run
  • Check your site engagement scores

Edge Tracking prevention settings

Classification of “known trackers”

Edge uses Trust Protection Lists to classify the domains that are recognized as having cross-site tracking capabilities, or are otherwise harmful to the site. This list is derived from Disconnect.me, similar to Firefox's approach.

Edge restricts storage access to and/or blocks resources loaded from the following Disconnect.me categories:

  • Advertising
  • Analytics
  • Content
  • Cryptomining
  • Fingerprinting
  • Social

The chart below shows the level of blocking for each category. Balanced is the default level of tracking prevention in the browser.

From: https://bit.ly/39PlJ6S

S means that storage access is restricted for domains falling under the given category.

B means that all resources are blocked for domains falling under the given category.

To prevent storage access and resource blocking from breaking user experience, Edge has introduced some mitigations to how cross-site tracking prevention works.

Same-org mitigation

If two domains are owned and operated by the same company, Edge introduces a mitigation where tracking prevention is relaxed when one such domain requests resources from the other.

Example: www.company-domain.com and www.company-cdn.com are different domains, but they are registered by the same company, and Edge recognizes them as belonging to the same organization. Thus, even if Edge's Trust Protection Lists have identified www.company-cdn.com as a tracking domain, access to it from www.company-domain.com would not be restricted.

Site engagement mitigation

Edge introduced the Site engagement score from the Chromium project as a further mitigation to accessing resources on classified domains.

Activities that improve the site engagement score are:

  • Direct navigations to the site (so typing the URL in the address bar or following a bookmark - navigation via link clicks, for example, would not improve the score)
  • Active time on site (defined by time spent by clicking, scrolling, using the keyboard)
  • Media playback on the site

The site engagement score is calculated as a double value between 0-100.

Engagement scores are keyed by origin (so www.domain.com would have a different engagement score from sub.domain.com), and engagement scores are cleared with browser history (or, for scores accumulated in incognito mode, when the browser is shut down). Engagement scores also decay with time.

Edge determines a score of 4.1 to represent sufficient engagement with a site to enable mitigation for tracking prevention.

You can view the site engagement scores stored in your Edge instance by typing edge://site-engagement in the address bar of the browser.

If the browser requests a resource from a site with an engagement score of 4.1 or better, Edge does not restrict storage access or resource loads unless the site is classified in the Fingerprinting or Cryptomining categories.

Org engagement mitigation

Organization engagement mitigation means that if one site in an organization receives a site engagement score high enough to not be impacted by tracking prevention (i.e. a score of 4.1 or better), then the user is considered to have a relationship with the organization.

Example: If the user has interacted with www.company-domain.com enough to accumulate a score of 4.1 or better, then www.company-cdn.comwould enjoy the benefits of site engagement mitigation as well, because it is recognized as part of the same organization. Thus if a website does a cross-site request to www.company-cdn.com, Edge would not block storage access even if the domain were in the Trust Protection Lists. Unless, of course, www.company-cdn.com would fall under the Fingerprinting or Cryptomining categories.

Third-party cookies

Third-party cookies are blocked from all domains listed in the Trust Protection Lists (considering the mitigations listed above).

First-party cookies

No restrictions.

Note that domains in Cryptomining and Fingerprinting categories of the Trust Protection Lists have all resource loads blocked, and thus resources that would have been downloaded from these sources cannot make use of first-party cookies.

Other third-party storage

All other third-party browser storage is blocked from domains listed in the Trust Protection Lists (considering the mitigations listed above).

Other first-party storage

No restrictions.

Note that domains in Cryptomining and Fingerprinting categories of the Trust Protection Lists have all resource loads blocked, and thus resources that would have been downloaded from these sources cannot make use of other first-party storage.

Referrer

Default browser policy (no-referrer-when-downgrade).